Machinery modules define how Cuckoo should interact with your virtualization software (or potentially even with physical disk imaging solutions). Since we decided to not enforce any particular vendor, from release 0.4 you are able to use your preferred solution and, in case it’s not supported by default, write a custom Python module that defines how to make Cuckoo use it.
Every machinery module should be located inside the
cuckoo/cuckoo/machinery/ directory so that it will fall under the
A basic machinery module would look like this:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
from cuckoo.common.abstracts import Machinery from cuckoo.common.exceptions import CuckooMachineError class MyMachinery(Machinery): def start(self, label): try: revert(label) start(label) except SomethingBadHappens: raise CuckooMachineError("oops!") def stop(self, label): try: stop(label) except SomethingBadHappens: raise CuckooMachineError("oops!")
The only requirements for Cuckoo are that:
- The class inherits from
- You have a
- You raise
CuckooMachineErrorwhen something fails.
As you understand, the machinery module is a core part of a Cuckoo setup, therefore make sure to spend enough time debugging your code and make it solid and resistant to any unexpected error.
Every machinery module should come with a dedicated configuration file
$CWD/conf/<machinery module name>.conf (which translates to
cuckoo/data/conf/<machinery>conf in the Git repository). For example for
cuckoo/cuckoo/machinery/kvm.py we have a
The configuration file should follow the default structure:
[kvm] # Specify a comma-separated list of available machines to be used. For each # specified ID you have to define a dedicated section containing the details # on the respective machine. (E.g. cuckoo1,cuckoo2,cuckoo3) machines = cuckoo1 [cuckoo1] # Specify the label name of the current machine as specified in your # libvirt configuration. label = cuckoo1 # Specify the operating system platform used by current machine # [windows/darwin/linux]. platform = windows # Specify the IP address of the current machine. Make sure that the IP address # is valid and that the host machine is able to reach it. If not, the analysis # will fail. ip = 192.168.122.105
A main section called
[<name of the module>] with a
containing a comma-separated list of machines IDs.
For each machine you should specify a
platform and its
These fields are required by Cuckoo in order to use the already embedded
initialize() function that generates the list of available machines.
If you plan to change the configuration structure you should override the
initialize() function (inside your own module, no need to modify Cuckoo’s
core code). You can find its original code in the
Starting with Cuckoo 0.5 developing new machinery modules based on LibVirt is
cuckoo/common/abstracts.py you can find
that already provides all the functionality for a LibVirt module. Just inherit
this base class and specify your connection string, as in the example below:
1 2 3 4 5
from cuckoo.common.abstracts import LibVirtMachinery class MyMachinery(LibVirtMachinery): # Set connection string. dsn = "my:///connection"
Starting with Cuckoo 2.0.7a1 you can use a custom dsn by setting it in the kvm.conf file. Example:
dsn = qemu+ssh://192.168.56.1/system
This works for all the virtualization technologies supported by LibVirt. Just remember to check if your LibVirt package (if you are using one, for example from your Linux distribution) is compiled with the support for the technology you need.
You can check it with the following command:
$ virsh -V Virsh command line tool of libvirt 0.9.13 See web site at http://libvirt.org/ Compiled with support for: Hypervisors: QEmu/KVM LXC UML Xen OpenVZ VMWare Test Networking: Remote Daemon Network Bridging Interface Nwfilter VirtualPort Storage: Dir Disk Filesystem SCSI Multipath iSCSI LVM Miscellaneous: Nodedev AppArmor Secrets Debug Readline Modular
If you don’t find your virtualization technology in the list of
Hypervisors, you will need to recompile LibVirt with the specific support
for the missing one.